What Makes “5G Critical IoT” Critical
You might have heard of “5G Massive IoT”…but what about “5G Critical IoT”?
In the IoT community, “5G Massive IoT” has occupied the spotlight when it comes to the introduction of 5G, and for good reason. Our most recent blog, “5G Massive IoT and the Cold Chain: COVID-19 Vaccines and Beyond,” dives into how ubiquitous 5G-connected devices will bring about universal asset visibility and transform the tracking and monitoring of temperature-controlled assets.
However, one particular sector of use cases within “Massive IoT” is being increasingly grasped by our ecosystem. “5G Critical IoT” is a form of IoT technology that specializes in time-critical applications made possible with the innovations of 5G. So, what is Critical IoT, why is it important, and how does 5G enhance its use?
What is Critical IoT?
Critical IoT is an umbrella term that refers to IoT processes, devices, and applications which are used in time-critical, high-stakes situations. Such devices are designed to successfully execute their tasks every time, without fail, and as a result, have specific requirements tailored for vigorous performance and reliability. Using ultra-reliable, low latency communications, Critical IoT devices are able go beyond just data collection and perform actions in harsh or remote environments (e.g., industrial control of a robot operating in extreme conditions) or support new manufacturing processes and enable the scalability of large-scale networks with thousands of controllers, machines, and robots.
What role does 5G play in 5G Critical IoT?
At the moment, Critical IoT technology is limited to sensors, cloud platforms, connectivity, and analytics. However, with the deployment of 5G and, by default 5G Massive IoT, companies will have a lot more to play with. 5G delivers supercharged data speeds so users will have enhanced precision and accuracy to drive cloud-based cellular location to the sub-meter level. It will also minimize latency, enabling reliable, real-time communication at an ultra-fast speed. Furthermore, 5G drastically reduces power consumption which improves the longevity of devices, allowing them to operate 10+ years.
5G will not only optimize IoT devices for performance, reliability and security, it will realize an entire mission-critical ecosystem designed and hard-edged to withstand the unprecedented pressures of the real world.
Why should we care?
5G Critical IoT necessitates rock-solid security, unshakable reliability, and the ability to function with little or no human assistance – these requirements are non-negotiable. In the consumer IoT industry, a failed fridge thermostat or a dropped gaming stream is an inconvenience. Likewise, a smart washing machine that breaks down might make the customer grouchy, require a pricey service appointment or even a costly product refund, but it is certainly not life threatening.
With Critical IoT, unreliable tech or device failure can be disastrous. A failed safety lock on a piece of heavy equipment in a factory can result in severe injury. A down hospital network could interrupt a live remote surgery or fail to deliver an emergency notification to a healthcare professional about a patient’s deteriorating condition. Such severe outcomes are a main reason why firm adherence to conditions like reliability are so crucial in use of Critical IoT.
What can we expect from 5G Critical IoT in the coming years?
5G Critical IoT connectivity promises time-critical communication needs across different industries, delivering innovative services which just a few years ago might have seemed impossible. Here are some more common use cases.
Emergency Services Communication
5G Critical IoT can be used to monitor employee safety in hazardous environments, including those in the most hazardous environments of all: first responders working in public safety or emergency services. Imagine being able to quickly pinpoint the location of a fireman in a burning building through an embedded location sensor in their suit, or being able to position fellow response team members and equipment in the chaos of a natural disaster. 5G Critical IoT could aid in keeping a vital line of communication open during these emergencies.
Autonomous vehicle systems generate huge amounts of data to measure and navigate external conditions. These applications rely on real-time transmission of information to meet the demands of safe driving. As an example, Ericsson, Einride and Telia teamed up to power sustainable, self-driving trucks with a cloud-based platform using 5G. With increase in speed and lower latency, Critical IoT technology can be utilized to deliver innovative driver experiences with much less labor cost.
Through substantial increase in data collection and improvement of wearables, healthcare will become more proactive rather than being reactive, as medical wearables will alert doctors and nurses to health abnormalities and begin predicting outcomes before any potential event occurs.
In smart factories, ultra-low latency and reliability drastically improve health and safety in “cobot” environments – i.e., human and robot interaction in a shared space. Allowing robots to initiate an emergency halt on all operations if, for instance, a worker’s limb entered an injury-inducing part of the machine. This kind of instant reaction with guaranteed consistency would not be possible with previous network or Wi-Fi technology. Ericsson and Audi is a perfect example of this.
5G Critical IoT connectivity provides mission-critical communication to every aspect along the supply chain, soon revolutionizing everything from our medical care to the way we drive our cars.
For more blogs like “What Makes 5G Critical IoT Critical,” keep checking our Blogs page here. To learn more about how Polte can leverage Mobile IoT to track what’s most important to you indoors and out, send us a form here.